Warm vs Cool Palette | Color Theory with Paint

Warm vs Cool Palette | Color Theory with Paint


Hello everyone! We’re going to do a
tutorial of cool colors versus warm colors I’m going to use some of the
colors I have on hand. This is a really useful video for artists who would like
to review color mixing especially if when you mix colors they don’t come out
the way you expect them to. I’m going to be using oil paints but this color theory actually can extend into acrylics, watercolors, other mediums. This is kind
of a limited palette in the sense that I’m only going to mix my warms with my
warms and my cools with my cools and the fun part is I’m going to put this
palette to the test and do a self-portrait and the twist on this project
is that I actually tried to do this portrait back in college, like seven
years ago. Not only am I gonna put this palette to the test but I’m also gonna
challenge myself and see how much improvement I’ve made over the years.
Enough about that let’s get started. If you are an absolute beginner to color
theory I recommend that you look up these color terms and familiarize
yourself with them, understand them before you start this video because you
need to know at least what primary secondary and complementary are, I use
those words a lot. If you have a color c-computer- (*chuckles*) if you have a color wheel you
could probably use it for this tutorial this one that I have is really retro and
cute. Ok let’s start. So on hand I have three warm primaries and three cool
primaries I have cadmium yellow deep, cadmium red medium, cobalt blue, I actually would probably recommend cadmium yellow
medium instead of deep But it’s just what I have, so that’s why I’m using it. So I’m just gonna set up my colors in a circle. My primary blue, which is cobalt blue, my primary red which is cadmium red medium,
and my cadmium yellow deep. These warm colors are pretty common, you can find
them in art stores by these names. There’s other warm colors out there that
you could pick from and I’ll leave a list of ones that I know about in the
description below. When I say the word “tint” I’m talking about mixing white and when I say “shade” it means I’m adding a little black, but you won’t see me adding
a lot of black, I really honestly don’t use black very much because you can get
very nice dark colors using complementary colors with each other. So if I were to mix an orange with a blue, I would get a really nice nice dark brown
that would be pretty close, depending on the paint, pretty close to black. But
black is really useful if your colors aren’t giving you those results. Okay so
I’m going to put the tint of each color on the right so that later when I do my
cool colors we can compare them. And now I’m going to mix the secondary colors
together, so red and yellow, red and blue, blue and yellow. So there’s some
speculation about what makes a color warm versus cool but I’m going to
simplify it for today and we’re just going to learn it the color wheel way. So
for example, let’s take a look at blue: blue is usually called warm if it’s
leaning towards purple so my cobalt blue has a little sneaky bit of purple in it
that makes it a warm blue and then my cadmium red medium is kind of leaning
towards orange which means that there’s a little bit of yellow sneaking in there and who knows that purple and yellow are opposites and that the resulting purple
is actually going to be a little bit brownish so if I want a really vibrant
purple with high high chroma, I have to make sure the red and blue that I’m
mixing don’t have hidden complementary colors in their pigment. So now I’m gonna
mix together my cobalt blue with my cadmium yellow deep and that little bit
of purple hiding in that cobalt is going to make my green really low chroma, it’s
not gonna be super super green looking, but this green I will use a lot. There’s
a lot of advantages to using low chroma colors throughout your whole painting and then putting in high chroma highlights that will stand out all the more, and create a lot of dynamic to your paintings. Before we move on to cool colors, just take a look at these warm colors we just
created. it might be very different secondary colors than you’re used to
when you think of green, orange and purple. These are probably not the green
orange and purple you were thinking of, however, these are colors that are gonna
be very very useful in skin tones, landscapes- I don’t know, you name it. Alrighty so let’s mix some cool primaries together. Some people are
probably wondering why I’m going to use Ultramarine Blue as my cool blue and
that is a personal choice. It’s very hard to tell whether ultramarine blue is a
cool blue or a warm blue there’s like one group of people that see one thing
and the next group sees a completely different color and I happen to be in
one of those groups that sees ultramarine blue as a cool blue okay so
my other colors are cadmium yellow lemon and alizarin crimson it’s permanent
alizarin crimson there’s a lot of cool colors out there for your primaries and
I’m not going to say that you need these three because they’re very expensive so
I recommend check the description below see if there’s alternative colors in
there that might be cheaper on the market they’re going to give you
completely different results but it’s an adventure alright so I’m going to mix
some tints of the primary cool colors just like I did with the warms on the
side and we’ll get to compare them so I won’t get heavily into the speculation
right now about blues I’ll just have a video for you to see in
depth what I’m talking about the different way to see cool blues and
warm blues but right now cobalt blue is on the Left ultramarine blue is on the
right so ultramarine blue actually leans closer to purple than cobalt does and
you can kind of see that if if you’re keen with color you can see that for now
let’s just mix this blue together with my cool colors and see what happens real
quick here are the tints right next to each other you can tell definitely that
that’s a cool red and that’s a cool yellow but again we’ll talk about those
blues later all right so I’m going to mix together my permanent alizarin
crimson with my ultramarine blue but it is very very dark so I’m going to add a
tint so that you can kind of see the chroma of this purple so I’m mixing
together the alizarin crimson and my lemon yellow this cadmium yellow lemon
is like the purest yellow it’s not really cool or warm it’s like almost so
pure that it’s right in the middle but it is recognized as a cool color
permanent alizarin crimson is more of a magenta or it’s starting to lean more
towards purple so when it mixes with this lemon yellow I think that little
bit of purple is going to make this orange less chromatic more cool alrighty
so I’m gonna combine my ultramarine blue and my lemon yellow to make a green
there is definitely little bits of purple in that ultramarine blue that is
going to damper the green but this is a very natural lime green that I’m used to
but if you’re going for a more neon chroma green you would probably want to
use a blue that’s leaning towards green such as manganese blue de l’eau
turquoise cobalt turquoise and teal or check out on gambling’s website they
have a list of their paints and whether they’re warm or cool and you can use
that as a reference one thing I highly recommend especially if you’re a new
artist or you just bought new paints you’ve never experimented with is to
just mix colors grab a template off of Google or find a tutorial where you can
your own color chart with your own colors besides understanding whether
your color is warm or cool your colors can even vary in translucence and how
concentrated or permanent they are so there’s still a lot to learn about
colors if you haven’t learned those traits yet and I think that doing a
color chart will help you understand the colors you have right now if you found
this video helpful there’s a lot of videos coming up on my patreon page you
can expect more tutorials more tips and tricks and discoveries you’ll be able to
watch that in-depth process of my self-portrait on there there’s a lot of
ways to benefit from my patreon page so check it out see if anything matches
your needs and keep in mind that any support that you provide through patreon
really benefits this channel so give a like for the video please subscribe if
you want to watch more there’s definitely more coming and we’ll keep
the conversation going so thank you for being here today and I’ll see you next
time you

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