Before, it was believed in Finland that man was born with his own nature. Nature is ‘the essence of his self, his minutes, the totality of his hereditary soul qualities’. There are different kinds of nature: it can be weak, person can have good nature or tough nature. In particular, witches have a ‘zeal of nature’, a nature that ‘can instantly make evil leave’. When a witch fights another witch, he/she is ‘in nature’. The word ‘haltia’ was also used for nature. In Finland many things and places have their ‘haltia, guardian’: saunaelf, householder, fire keeper. Man also has his own guardian. Haltia was imagined to be similar as the human itself. The haltia of the living person walked before them, it was a kind of shadow, a doubleganger. If haltia walked behind him, it was known that human would soon die. The haltia may have appeared before person itself arrived. Such a haltia could be ‘hard, powerful’. The powerful haltia began to ‘rumble’ on the places before the man came home. It was believed, that the Lapps underworld was located under a lake. There lived the Saivo people, the Manals. Saivolakes were solid, mountain or valley lakes with high beaches. There were no rivers running out of them, and there was clear spring water in the lakes. At times, all the fish in the lake disappeared – they were suspected to be double-bottomed. So there was another lake beneath saivo lake, where the ‘haltia hole’ led up from our world. At the lower level there were saivo people who lived a happy life there. The dwellings were thought to be similar to the earth, and their lifestyle resembled that of the Lapps. From the ‘hole’ of haltia, the Lappish witch were able to crawl and met underground people who walked ‘feet against our feet’. Thank you for watching, subscribe for more!