Learn to Mix Oil Paint by Making a Color Wheel | Oil Painting Basics

Learn to Mix Oil Paint by Making a Color Wheel | Oil Painting Basics

Hello, I’m Guenevere and we’re gonna
learn how to make this color wheel I made this color wheel with the oil
paint palette that I usually use. I’ll show you what that is
and how to make it, and why you would want to make your own color wheel. First we have to make a circle I used a paper plate because that’s about the size that
I wanted my color wheel to be. Next I used a compass to make the inner circles, then I made some notes on the circle of
where I wanted each color to be, you want to make sure to have red opposite from green, blue opposite from orange, and yellow opposite from purple. Then draw some lines in to separate the colors. They don’t have to be perfectly spaced
now, you can adjust them later while
you’re painting it. The colors I’m using
are: alizarin crimson, cadmium red, cadmium yellow, medium windsor lemon,
cerulean, French ultramarine. I’m using Neo Megilp for my mixing medium. I’m going to start by filling in the primary yellow and then work my way around the
outside of the color wheel. Moving towards blue will be a yellow
green. I’m leaving a bit of a white space between the yellow and the yellow green
so I have room to adjust the sizes later. The main reason you should make your own color wheel is to help you learn how to mix and also to learn your specific
palette. You’ll see a few times that I go back and adjust a color, and that’s because there are a lot of different greens between yellow and blue, and so making them fit into this little color wheel wheel I got to find just the right three
to get in there. So just like a musician practices doing scales we’re practicing
a color wheel so that we can practice mixing color just for the sake of
learning to mix color. If you’d like to make your own color wheel with me I have
a hour and 45 minute video of the same process in real time showing me mixing
the colors it’s available to my patrons at the ten dollar level. Now we’re going to put our primary blue. Next we’re gonna put the blue violet and
the colors start to get pretty dark around this point. Next we’re gonna put
in our violet or purple with the paints that I’m using this color comes out
really dark. We are also halfway around the circle so
once we get all the way around then we’re gonna fill in the middle. Next up
red-viole. Part of the challenge of making your own color wheel is learning
how to use the colors that are on your palette to make the colors in the color
wheel. One thing that you’ll learn by making your own color wheel is that your
idea of red or blue or yellow might be slightly different than someone else’s
and it might be different than what a color wheel you buy at the store is.
This is an opportunity to learn what your idea of a true red is. Again here,
with the orange and yellow orange you can see that I’m adjusting the colors a
little bit to make it fit into my color wheel. Wanted to add a little bit more
yellow into those oranges to make sure that they’re halfway between red and
yellow. Great we finished the outside ring of our most vibrant colors, so now to
fill in the rest, we’re gonna actually use the color on
the opposite side of the color wheel to start mixing them slowly together to
fill in the middle. The color on the opposite side of the color wheel is
called the “complement”, the complement to yellow is violet so we start mixing a
tiny bit of violet into that yellow to get our first step. As we go down each
step we add more and more violet until we get to the middle and then you can
either work from the purple inwards. Or in this case I decided to just keep
going by adding more and more violet. For the next color you do the same, start
mixing in the complement. You want to really make sure to clean your brush
pretty well between each color so they don’t get contaminated. This is where you can really start to learn how to mix colors, and learning how much of that
complement color do I need to add to get to the next step and how many steps am I
going to have so you really start to learn a lot more about mixing color at
this stage. Another thing you’ll learn is if you
didn’t mix enough of say, the orange and the green, you’re gonna have to mix that
same orange and that same green again so that you can make all the different
steps in the middle of the circle. So, that’s sort of learning how to color
match. You have the color already on your palette and you’re going to want to
mix up a little bit more to match that same color so that your color wheel is
cohesive. One of the really interesting things
about doing a color wheel is if I did this same exact color wheel again, it’s
gonna come out really different. Since, I’m mixing the colors by hand it’s
always gonna come out a little bit different. Again this is one of the great
reasons why it’s important to make your own because it’s for the experience of
learning to make those colors and each time you do it you’re going to learn a
little bit more. I’m planning on doing a few more color wheel videos with different palettes using either different colors or using limited palettes. Be sure to stay tuned for those if you’re curious about how to use limited color palettes. I want to start experimenting with warmer and cooler
colors so that you can create a different feel in the finished painting.
The color choices or palette that you use have a really big impact on a
finished painting so I’m going to start playing with that and exploring those in
future videos. I hope you do decide to make your own
color wheel and if you want to do it along with me I do have the full-length
version of this with all the color mixing and a lot more tips and tricks on
how to do it. That hour and 45 minute video is only available to my patrons. Ta da! We’ve finished a color wheel you
now have your own color wheel that you made yourself! Congratulations! Thanks for
watching and good luck in your color mixing journey.


  • Robert says:

    Interesting video, thanks. Reminds me of something I've been thinking about recently. The more grey a color becomes or the more dark a color becomes, essentially the more blue a color appears.

    If yellow is mixed with it's complementary and is lowered in chroma or if it is mixed with black and is darkened, it becomes more green looking. And if red becomes lowered in chroma or is darkened, it becomes more purple looking. Same basic thing with green and purple.

    Orange is the complete opposite of blue, so if it is lowered in chroma or tonal value, it doesn't become more blue looking but becomes a true neutral brown tone.

    Blue seems to be the most related to grey or black out of all the colors in the visual spectrum.

    Sorry for the random info that you're probably already aware of, haha.

  • SuperXrunner says:

    I love this video. Its very straight forward and clear

  • Harney says:

    Thank you ..very interesting

  • Khantahr says:

    Great video, very educational!

  • Ismaila Touray says:

    nice looking

  • Miledys D'Atena says:

    Thank you so much for sharing this video.

  • midnightchannel says:

    But ur green just appears, you do not demonstrate what percentage of blue and yellow to use to get thee first hue, etc…

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