CONFUSED? Different Types Of WATERCOLOR BRUSHES, Their Uses & How To Choose Them

CONFUSED? Different Types Of WATERCOLOR BRUSHES, Their Uses & How To Choose Them


– Have you ever felt super overwhelmed by the huge variety of
water color brushes? They are different shapes and sizes and you’re wondering
what water color brush do you actually need? Because in this video we are going to talk about all the different
shapes of water color brushes and how to use them but also how to choose the right
brush for yourself? But before we start talking about all the different
types of water color brushes let’s talk about the anatomy
of a water color brush so you know exactly what
I’m talking about later. Now, one of the important parts of a brush is the handle as you don’t
only hold it while you paint but because it also gives you a lot of information about the size, brand, the series and
sometimes even the shape. The handles are usually
made out of plastic or wood which can also
be coated with varnish. With some cheaply made
brushes you might run into the issue that the varnish will chip over time which might end up falling into your painting while working on it. And this is already one of the reasons to stay away from them, personally. On top of the handle we have the ferrule that is usually made out of metal. The ferrule can be either round or flat. At the top we have the heel. This is where the bristles
end at the ferrule. And at the bottom we have the crimp that secures the ferrule onto the handle. Make sure you pay attention to the crimp very
carefully because sometimes there are brushes where they don’t secure the both pieces together properly, so you can just detach them. Sometimes it just falls
down so keep that in mind. Last thing we have the head of the brush and it’s bristles which
are divided into the tip or toe and the belly. The belly of the brush is the widest and biggest part of its bristles. The bigger the belly, the more water and pigment it can hold. One of the most important
parts of the brush is the tip or toe. Here you want to look for a brush that has a super sharp tip
that can make very fine and tiny lines. Brushes of poor quality usually don’t have a fine tip which makes it difficult to not only control the shape but also to create details, making the brush versatile as it could be. Now, you might wonder what
is actually the difference between water color
brushes and other brushes for like acrylics or oil paints? Water color brushes aren’t only shorter in their handle size compared to, for example, brushes for
oil or acrylic paints, but they also have bristles
that are a lot softer as you not only want the water and paint to be gently and evenly
applied in multiple layers but because you also work on paper which can be damaged otherwise. A water color brush basically acts like a sponge that
soaks up water and paint while releasing it slowly onto the paper in order to create smooth washes. I also got a ton of questions about whether you can
use water color brushes for any other paint like acrylics or oils? Now, if you use synthetic brushes you technically can use them
for acrylics, for example, but high quality synthetic brushes that are made especially for water colors can be damaged very easily when you paint with acrylics, for example, because acrylic paint
contains different chemicals. You will have to clean your
brush a lot more properly and you might damage them by painting on rough surface, canvases and just by simply
using different techniques with the brush. If you use water color brushes made out of natural hair I would
stay away from acrylics altogether as they’re
already pretty expensive and should be used only for water colors. Now, the most common water color brush is the round brush. They are called round brushes because they have a round ferrule. The bristles have a fine point and are usually fuller at the belly. This brush cannot only
hold a good amount of water and paint but it also allows you to paint in a variety of stroke
widths from super thin to broad and it also
allows you to fill in areas with paint, making it
a very versatile brush. But the round brush also
comes in different sizes. It can be small and large. The small, round brush
is great for narrow lines and dots as it not only
holds very little water due to the short bristles, but it also has a really fine point which I great for super small details and miniature painting. But there are also super big round brushes that are also called Mop brushes. They hold a lot more water and paint which makes them great for big washes of paint and water. The main difference to
a regular round brush is that they usually have a bigger belly and not necessarily need
to have a super fine tip, as the main purpose of a Mop brush is to fill a large area
with paint or water. Another most common water color brush is the Flat. Compared to round brushes, Flat brushes have a flat
ferrule and flat bristles. They’re not only great
for straight, thin lines, large broad strokes and details but they’re also great for big, even washes by covering large areas with paint or water. Since the bristles are flat you can also use water color techniques
such as glazing. Now, there are also different variations of Flat brushes. For example, Bright, or also called short Flat brushes. A Bright brush has wider
and shorter bristles which can hold less water, but it gives you more control with the slightly stiffer brush strokes allowing you to paint short, chunky strokes while keeping their shape. Another version of a Flat is the Angled brush. This type of brush is
made in a similar way to a regular Flat but
their hair is aligned to create an angle. This brush is not only great for creating washes of paint but for creating thin lines, sharp edges and other small details. But you can also use this type of brush for fun techniques. For example, you can load up only one side of the wet brush with
paint and then allowing it to softly run into the wet
area it creates next to it. With this brush you have
a little bit more control as you have with a Dagger
or Sword brush, for example. A Dagger or a Sword brush is similar to the Angled brush but
it has longer bristles that evenly create a curved, rather a sharp edge. You can also use it for creating washes, thin lines and details while being able to hold more water and paint compared to the Angled brush. And then we also have water color brushes that are a little bit in between, they are round but also flat. And these types of brushes are called Filbert brushes. They have a flat ferrule
but a round shaped end. It’s not a very common water color brush as it’s used more in oil
and acrylic painting, but you can also use it to fill in areas similar to a Flat, create petals or other round shapes as it is a lot more difficult
to create hardy edges. Another more extreme version
is the Cat Tongue brush. Besides their similar
shape to Filbert brushes and the ability to fill
in areas with paint. They also have a very fine tip which allows you to paint small details. Besides all these types
you can also find brushes that are called Liner,
Rigger or Script brushes. They’re not meant for
washes or filling in areas but rather for lines and details. Compared to a regular small, round brush, Liner brushes have extremely long bristles
which makes it possible for them to hold a lot
more water and paint. This means it gives you the ability to paint a long, steady line in one go which can require a little bit of practice as the Liners can be difficult to control if you’re new to this type of brush. This way you can add details, grass or other thin lines more easily without loading up your brush with paint every two seconds. Last but not least we have the Fan brush. The Fan brush has flattened bristles in a round shape which purpose is to rather move the paint to create special textures or details. It can be used for dry
brushing to create grass or other texture. And when the brush is wet it creates several mini brushes giving you even more options to create texture and
details in your painting. But there are also other brushes that give you the option
to create cool effects and they’re called Rake brushes. Rake, rake, Rake brushes, yeah. You can get them as a
Flat or as a Fan brush. They basically have
additional longer bristles that stand out that can
create multiple thin lines while painting grass to make them look even more natural. I also found that those Rake brushes can hold their detailed shape a lot better while being wet compared
to the regular Fan brush. And usually when you
buy one of those brushes they are protected by a
coating and a plastic cap, so they won’t get damaged
during the shipment. So before you can use them simply remove the plastic
cap and carefully rinse off the coating with water. And then just dab it with a paper towel and then it’s ready to be used. And because there’s so many different water color brushes to choose from from different brands, from super cheap to super expensive, it’s really important
to look into the quality of each of them. So how do you identify good quality and what should you look
for in water color brushes? So before you decide buying a brush, check the following points. To identify a good quality brush you want to look out for the three main parts I mentioned earlier, the bristles, the ferrule and the handle. Make sure that the handle and the ferrule are connected properly. Sometimes you might notice that the handle is not even correctly attached nor is it straight and
the ferrule might not even hold the bristles properly. Besides loosing hair, another common thing I noticed in poor quality brushes
is that their bristles are not even correctly shaped. They have random hair standing out or even have uneven edges which makes me really wonder why these brushes even
exist on the market? Now, if you’re just starting out you don’t need five
million different brushes in different sizes and shapes. So I personally would start
with a regular round brush with a fine tip and maybe get two or three different sizes, a small, a medium and a large brush. Now, if you’ll notice that it takes you a long time to spread the paint or water across a whole page of
paper because you want to paint a galaxy or something like that, you can always get a Mop brush or a brush or a big Flat
and use that for that or use other techniques
that I talked about in the beginning. Now, keep in mind that the numbering cannot only be different
across multiple brands but also within one single brand, so there is no real
standard numbering system. So I will look into one range of brushes and pick accordingly. Also, don’t worry about
natural hair brushes when you’re just starting out because they’re not only super expensive but they also need a lot more care. And it’s a lot easier to destroy them when you’re just starting out. I ruined a lot of brushes
when I started out so please don’t do this mistake. Now, water color brushes made out of natural hair tend to
hold more water and paint because the hair structure is different and so they can hold onto
more paint and water. But nowadays there are
more and more brands that make super high
quality synthetic brushes that can do the same job. Now, there are more
differences between synthetic and natural hair brushes
but this is a topic I could cover in another video. Let me know if you have
any other questions and comments down below. Here you can find other videos that will help you take
your water color game to the next level. I really hope you enjoyed this video and find it helpful. Thank you guys so much for watching. Have a wonderful day and I will see you on my next video, bye.

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