Color Temperature: Practical Tips for Painting

Color Temperature: Practical Tips for Painting


When we invite a Valentine for
a romantic dinner, we don’t use harsh blue-white fluorescent light, we use candles. That’s a warm feeling. When we are creating the image of a CEO, and he’s going to choose a tie, We dont recommend a harsh yellow tie…we recommend a blue or black tie. These decisions were based on color theory, specifically, color temperature and its psychological and cultural implications. And that’s what we’re going to talk about in this video. First of all…What is color temperature? The temperature of a color is a way to express where the color is in the light spectrum. This area was initiated by Newton, who observed that light decomposes into many colors… when it passes through a prism. In the visible spectrum, light with short wavelength is violet. Light with long wavelength wlll be red. By convention, we say that any color close to violet is a cool color. And any color close to red is warm. Two kinds of light that that are familiar to use and that we can not see are ultraviolet light and infrared light. Infrared light is any light with wavelength betwen 0.1 mm and 750nm. Light with shorter wavelenths than violet, down to 10 nm , is called ultraviolet light. Not all visible colors are in the spectrum. When we see something pink or sage, for example, we’re seeing a color that is made of a mixture of different wavelenghts. When we talk cool or warm, we have to remember that it’s all relative and while blue is a cool color, there are shades of blue and some may be cooler than others. And red is a warm color, but there are shades warmer than others. A warm blue will be closer to red in the spectrum than the cooler blue. The warmer red will also be closer to red than the cooler red. Understanding these concepts is important in fine art, photography, cinematography, interior design, science and business, among other things. Color also plays with psychology and culture in conveying or evoking things such as mood, symbols, productivity, creativity, and social status. Warm colors evoke power, passion, love,
appetite, comfort, instincs,cheerfulness, happiness,
aggression, irritation. Cool colors evoke
loyalty, authority, calm,
the sublime, reliability, intelligence, rationality,
sadness, desolation. Easy example? Emojis! The happy ones are yellow, the angry are red and the sad ones are blue. In addition to carrying the above meanings, colors have other roles in fine art. The wise use of color helps the painter to create shapes, to instill atmosphere and
mood into the paintings and, from a more practical standpoint, to create a focal point
and to avoid or create a chalky look. In this painting by Caravaggio, we see a generally warm atmosphere created with ochres, warm greens and reds. Jesus, dressed in red and white, has the most saturated colors, the reddest red and light falls more strongly on him. With these tricks, Caravaggio has created
a brotherly, comfortable, warm environment where Jesus meets with his apostles and has made him the focal point of the painting. The colors red and white symbolize purity, power and royalty, because he is the King. This is not just a genius painting that shows the mastery of color by Caravaggio, but it also serves the religious purpose of the painting, since Caravaggio painted mostly for the powerful clergy of his times. In this painting by Vermeer, the Woman wih the Red Hat, we see the painter made exactly those 2 things Her face and the hat receive the most
light and have the warmest and most saturated colors of the painting. Yet, let’s look at her mouth to see how Vermeer used the concepts of warm and cool. I have labeled the detail to point at the warm and cool areas. By using warm and cool versions of red and related colors, he has shaped the mouth, even before he painted the highlights. And notice the warm light cheek to the right of the painting compared to the cooler colors and darker light
on the cheek to the left. These cooler colors are not just the shadow, but the even cooler ones create the contour of her face. Thus, as you see, we just have to get into the habit of looking at things in a different way. We don’t see people, trees or buildings. We have to look at colors, temperature and light.
Once we do that, we can paint. Thank you soooo much for watching..PLease, don’t forget to subscribe and comment! I will be making more videos about color theory and temperature and how to use that to create atmosphere, shape and mood. I will see you on the next video..until then…byebyeee see you later byebye bybyeee

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